Who Needs to Pay Attention to Insulin and Blood Sugar Levels?
No matter who you are, no matter how much you weigh and REGARDLESS of family history be aware of the tell tale signs of high insulin and blood sugar levels.
Why? because at least 8.1 million people , approx. 28%, in the US are walking around with diabetes or unstable insulin and blood sugar levels and they don’t know it, http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/data/statistics/2014statisticsreport.html.
Don’t be mistaken, family history or excess weight is not enough to determine the risk for any blood sugar disorder: diabetes (high blood sugar levels), insulin resistance, glucose toxicity or low blood sugar (LBS) because:
- In order to have a family history, there needs to be a diagnosis, and as shown, there is a high chance of a missed diagnoses. It’s possible to have a health condition related to insulin and blood sugar levels and not know it.
- High blood sugar levels and insulin resistance is found in both overweight and TOFI (Thin Outside Fat Inside) individuals, https://valeriegoldstein.wordpress.com/2015/05/04/stop-diabesity-in-its-tracks/#comment-5261.
Enough emphasis cannot be placed on the importance of everyone paying attention to insulin and blood sugar levels and the tell tale symptoms and clinical signs:
Tell Tale Symptoms
- Abdominal obesity (apple shape)
- Sugar/carbohydrate cravings
- Hunger after meals
- Fatigue after meals
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst and appetite
- Difficulty losing weight
- Gut issues (bloating, gas)
- Sexual dysfunction
- Vision problems
- Numbness and tingling in lower extremities
- Rapid heartbeat
- Sudden mood changes
- Sudden nervousness
- Unexplained fatigue
- Pale skin
- Difficulty sleeping
- Skin tingling
- Skin tags
- Gum disease
- Trouble thinking clearly or concentrating
Tell Tale Clinical signs:
- Dyslipidemia (low HDL, high LDL and high triglycerides)
- Hyperglycemia (fasting above 100 mg/dL, Hb1Ac above 5.5)
- Systemic Inflammation (elevated insulin production, C-reactive protein)
- Hypercoagulable State (tendency to form blood clots)
Clinical Indicators for Routine Check-ups:
- Fasting glucose:Blood glucose level after fasting for at least 8 hours.
- Normal: 70 – 89 mg/dl
- Borderline: 90 – 99 mg/dl
- Impaired glucose tolerance/Pre-diabetes: 100 – 125 mg/dl
- Diabetes: >126 mg/dl
- Oral glucose tolerance test:Blood glucose level 2 hours after a 75 gram glucose drink.
- Reactive hypoglycemia: glucose level less than fasting level
- Normal: less than 140 mg/dl
- Impaired glucose tolerance/Pre-diabetes: 141 – 199 mg/dl
- Diabetes: > 200 mg/dl
- Fasting Insulin level:Insulin level after fasting for at least 8 hours.
- Reactive hypoglycemia: less than 3.0 mIU/ml
- Normal : 3.0 to 8.3 mIU/ml
- Elevated levels : >8.4 mIU/ml
*According to Stephen Guyenet, University of Washington, the average insulin level in the U.S. for men is 8.8 mIU/ml and women is 8.4 mIU/ml. This means many more people have insulin resistance than estimated.
- Fasting C-peptide level: A substance produced by the pancreatic beta cells when proinsulin splits apart to form one molecule of c-peptide and one molecule of insulin.
- Reactive hypoglycemia: less than 0.9 ng/ml
- Normal : 1.0 – 3.0 ng/ml
- Leptin:A hormone that is essential for regulation of metabolism and hunger. Blood levels are directly correlated with the amount of triglycerides stored in adipose tissue.
- Normal for men: 1.2 -9.5 ng/ml
- Normal for women: 4.1 – 25.0 ng/ml
- HgbA1c:Average blood sugar level for the past 2 to 3 months. This test measures what percentage of your hemoglobin is glycated (coated with sugar).
- Reactive hypoglycemia: less than 5.0 percent
- Normal : 5.0 to 5.6 percent
- Impaired glucose tolerance/Pre-diabetes : 5.7 -6.4 percent
- Diabetes: >6.5 percent
- Fructosamine:A glycated serum protein that measures average blood glucose level over the past 2 to 3 weeks.
- Normal : 200 – 257 umol
- Impaired glucose tolerance/Pre-diabetes: 258– 287 umol
- Diabetes: >288 umol
Self awareness of the early tell signs and clinical indicators of insulin and high blood sugar levels, low blood sugar, glucose toxicity and insulin resistance will help prevent associated medical complications/diseases and preserve the effected organs. Use these lists to communicate with your doctor. What can you do if you have a blood sugar or insulin issue? The solution is a powerful one, eat to fuel health.